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14 Feb 2017 - ISO 4730 Revision released

The Standard ISO 4730 which is used for 100% pure Australian TTO has been revised. More »»


08 Aug 2016 - RIRDC Rural Diversity Magazine Winter 2016

RIRDC has released its Winter 2016 "Rural Diversity" magazine which features the tea tree industry. More »»


14 Jul 2016 - TTO Whitepaper available

Down Under Enterprises recently advertised in Cosmetic Design to promote Pure Australian Tea Tree Oil. There is a whitepaper that can be downloaded. More »»


26 Aug 2015 - Graphene Manufactured Using Tea Tree Extract

In a new study, researchers have grown graphene from the tea tree plant Melaleuca alternifolia, the same plant used to make essential oils in traditional medicine More »»


Myrtle Rust – Uredo rangelii

Myrtle Rust is fungal rust that infects most Myrtaceae – Australia has many native plants from this family – but since it is a new disease (first identified in Apr 2010 in Gosford, NSW) very little is known about it.
The CSIRO has conducted host testing on 100 + species finding 95%+ are susceptible. We know that Melaleuca alternifolia is susceptible from both CSIRO host testing and field observations. What we don't know is how it will affect production of Pure Australian tea tree oil in the future.
Melaleuca alternifolia at 4 wks after inoculation - Photo F(2).JPG

3rd generation (elite stock) Melaleuca alternifolia seedling infected with Myrtle Rust (Uredo rangelii)
Symptoms induced under experimental conditions only Images © Dr Louise Morin CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences

Closely related to Guava Rust (Puccinia psidii) which is the same as Eucalyptus Rust, P psidii  and U rangelii both affect many Myrtaceous genera including Eucalypts (Eucalyptus & Corymbia spp) Bottlebrush (Callistemon spp) and Paperbark (Melaleuca spp), as well as many native Australian under-storey and amenity (ornamental) species.
Many scientists believe these are one and the same but there is reasonable evidence that, while certainly from the same family of Fungi, they are two distinct species. The biology and lifecycle of U rangelii is not well known yet – we are seeking a suitable qualified mycologist to assist us.

Myrtle Rust (MR), which originated in South America, was first identified in April 2010 on the Central Coast of NSW:

Apr 2010     MR first identified and reported to the National Management Group (NMG)
May 2010    Plant Health Australia (PHA) make a submission to the NMG to attempt eradication despite the probable low chance for success
Jul 2010      The NMG supports the Interim Response Plan (IRP) to attempt eradication
Aug 2010    MR found outside the quarantine area in NSW
Nov 2010    MR found in bushland in NSW
Dec 2010    NMG determine eradication impossible in NSW
Dec 2010    MR confirmed in QLD
Jan 2011    MR confirmed in 15 sites in QLD including parkland at Noosaville

 

The latest information is that MR has been found in Cairns & Townsville and confirmed in more than 828 sites in QLD; it is widespread in the "Red" zone of NSW.

Working closely with I & I NSW, ATTIA Ltd has produced a Biosecurity Manual to assist members control the spread of the pathogen. Please apply to join ATTIA here if you want more information and to be kept up to date.

ATTIA and I & I NSW have also produced flyers for printing and display or distribution. These are available HERE.

While much is still not known about the disease and its lifecycle has not been mapped, we do know from observations that:

We also have anecdotal evidence that the spores can last up to 3 months until conditions favour germination.
Ideal germination is in dark, moist or humid conditions at around 20 Celsius. Strong sunlight appears to inhibit growth.

More information is available from:

NSW DPI Website at:          http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/biosecurity/plant/myrtle-rust

 

 

 

Page last updated: 11 Jun 2009